What are  Alloys?

Alloys are mixtures of two or more metals or a metal and a non-metal and cannot be separated into their components by physical methods. But still, an alloy is considered as a mixture because it shows the properties of its constituents and can have variable composition. For example, Brass is a mixture of approximately 30% zinc and 70% copper.

Example of Alloys | Uses of Alloys in Daily Life  | Chemistry Lesson Plans

List of Alloys and their Composition and Uses 

Example of Alloys




Aluminium (Al), Nickel (Ni), Cobalt (Co), Iron (Fe)

To make magnet

Aluminium Bronze


Aluminium (Al), Copper (Cu)

To make coins, ornaments


Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn)

Utensils, Parts of machinery, wires, musical instruments, ornamental objects.

Bronze (Bell Metal)


Copper (Cu), Tin (Sn)

Statues, Ornaments, Coins, cooking utensils, bells and medals.

Chrome Steel

Iron (Fe), Carbon (C), Chrome (Cr)

To make Spring, tools etc.

Chrome Vanadium Steel

 Iron (Fe),Carbon (C), Chromium(Cr), Vanadium (V)

Axils of Motor Cars

Coinage Silver

Copper (Cu), Nickel (Ni)



Copper (Cu), Nickel (Ni)

To make electrical Instruments


Aluminium (Al), Copper (Cu), Magnesium (Mg), Manganese (Mn)

Aircraft parts, light tools

German Silver

Copper (Cu), Nickel (Ni), Zinc (Zn)

Utensils, Resistance wire etc.

Gun Metal


Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn), Tin (Sn)

Barrels of Gun


Iron (Fe), Nickel (Ni), Carbon (C)

To make clock pendulum, scientific measuring instruments.


Aluminium (Al), Magnesium(Mg)

External parts of troller, steamer etc

Manganese steel

Iron (Fe), Carbon (C), Manganese (Mn)

To make rock driller, plates, rails, protecting shielding etc.


Nickel (Ni), Chromium (Cr), Iron (Fe), Manganese (Mn)

To make heating elements

Phospher Bronze

Phosphorus (P), Copper (Cu), Tin (Sn)

Springs and suspension, Filaments in electrical instruments.


Aluminium (Al), Silicon(Si)

Engine parts


Lead (Pb), Tin (Sn)

Electrical connections, Fuse wire

Stainless Steel


Iron (Fe), Chromium (Cr), Nickel (Ni), Carbon(C)

Cooking utensils, cutlery, Surgical instruments.

Sterling Silver

Copper (Cu), Silver (Ag)

Silver coins

Type metal

Copper (Cu), Lead (Pb), Tin (Sn), Antimony (Sb)

To make types in printing 

Previous Post Next Post