List of Synonyms

List of Synonyms
  1. Absurd-Foolish
  2. Alien- Exotic
  3. Ample- Spacious
  4. Ascend- Soar
  5. Attentive-Watchful
  6. Avaricious- Greedy
  7. Barren- Sterile
  8. Behaviour- Deportment
  9. Benevolent-Generous
  10. Benign- Kindly
  11. Brief-Concise
  12. Cautious- Careful
  13. Chador- A Loose Robe
  14. Change-Alter
  15. Chide-Scold
  16. Chivalry-Heroism
  17. Colossus- Gigantic
  18. Colour-Hue,Shade, Nuance
  19. Commence- To Begin
  20. Complacent- Self Satisfied
  21. Conceal- Delitescence
  22. Contravene- Oppose
  23. Curiosity-Inquisitiveness
  24. Cynosure- Centre Of Attraction
  25. Derisive- Contemptuous
  26. Disgrace- Ignominy
  27. Disgust- Dislike
  28. Dismal- Gloomy
  29. Docile-Gentle
  30. Embezzle-Misappropriate
  31. Enormous-Huge, Giant, Immense
  32. Ephemeral-Momentary
  33. Expiry- Termination
  34. Fast-Quick
  35. Fragrance- Scent
  36. Frivolous-Silly
  37. Guile-Cunning
  38. Hatred-Contempt
  39. Holy-Scared
  40. Hostile-Unfriendly
  41. Impertinent- Impudent, Disrespectful
  42. Innocent- Ingenuous
  43. Integrity-Honesty
  44. Interrogated- Questioned
  45. Joyous- Blissful, Elated, Euphoric
  46. Jubilant- Exultant
  47. Kind Hearted- Benevolent
  48. Lethal-deadly
  49. Liberal- Generous
  50. Ludicrous- Foolish
  51. Manifest-Display
  52. Modest-Intelligent
  53. Mucilage-Gum
  54. Overjoyed-Jubilant
  55. Peer-Equal, Peep
  56. Pleasant- Cheerful
  57. Plethora-Abundance
  58. Predict-Foretell
  59. Quiver- Shiver
  60. Recalcitrant-Disobedient
  61. Recreation- Amusement
  62. Renaissance- Rebirth
  63. Rude- Impolite
  64. Synopsis-precis
  65. Umbrageous-Shady
  66. Valour- Courage
List of Synonyms
  1. Absurd-Foolish
  2. Alien- Exotic
  3. Ample- Spacious
  4. Ascend- Soar
  5. Attentive-Watchful
  6. Avaricious- Greedy
  7. Barren- Sterile
  8. Behaviour- Deportment
  9. Benevolent-Generous
  10. Benign- Kindly
  11. Brief-Concise
  12. Cautious- Careful
  13. Chador- A Loose Robe
  14. Change-Alter
  15. Chide-Scold
  16. Chivalry-Heroism
  17. Colossus- Gigantic
  18. Colour-Hue,Shade, Nuance
  19. Commence- To Begin
  20. Complacent- Self Satisfied
  21. Conceal- Delitescence
  22. Contravene- Oppose
  23. Curiosity-Inquisitiveness
  24. Cynosure- Centre Of Attraction
  25. Derisive- Contemptuous
  26. Disgrace- Ignominy
  27. Disgust- Dislike
  28. Dismal- Gloomy
  29. Docile-Gentle
  30. Embezzle-Misappropriate
  31. Enormous-Huge, Giant, Immense
  32. Ephemeral-Momentary
  33. Expiry- Termination
  34. Fast-Quick
  35. Fragrance- Scent
  36. Frivolous-Silly
  37. Guile-Cunning
  38. Hatred-Contempt
  39. Holy-Scared
  40. Hostile-Unfriendly
  41. Impertinent- Impudent, Disrespectful
  42. Innocent- Ingenuous
  43. Integrity-Honesty
  44. Interrogated- Questioned
  45. Joyous- Blissful, Elated, Euphoric
  46. Jubilant- Exultant
  47. Kind Hearted- Benevolent
  48. Lethal-deadly
  49. Liberal- Generous
  50. Ludicrous- Foolish
  51. Manifest-Display
  52. Modest-Intelligent
  53. Mucilage-Gum
  54. Overjoyed-Jubilant
  55. Peer-Equal, Peep
  56. Pleasant- Cheerful
  57. Plethora-Abundance
  58. Predict-Foretell
  59. Quiver- Shiver
  60. Recalcitrant-Disobedient
  61. Recreation- Amusement
  62. Renaissance- Rebirth
  63. Rude- Impolite
  64. Synopsis-precis
  65. Umbrageous-Shady
  66. Valour- Courage

List of Phrasal Verbs

List of Phrasal Verbs
Phrasal Verbs                                                          
Put off- Postpone
Put up- stay/raise
Put on- wear
Put out-extinguish
Put down- write/suppress
Put by-to save an amount
Put forward-to make a suggestion
Put across- to communicate
Put up with-tolerate
Put an end to-stop
Break in – To forcefully enter
Break through-An act of over coming an obstacle

Call at- visit a place
Call on- visit a person
Call up-recollect
Call off-cancel something
Call for-demand
Call out-to summon or order
Call upon- announce

Get through- pass
Get over- recover from/overcome
Get off-escape
Get along- make progress
Get on- keep going
Get away- escape
Get around- overcome
Go on-continue
Go at- attack
Go with- match
Go for- choose/seek/attack
Go off-explode
Go into- investigate
Go through-examine
Go over- to review or analyse

Come at- to attack/ to obtain
Come across- To find or meet by chance
Come off-To happen

Bring out-reveal
Bring down-Reduce
Bring up-carry/convey

Give up-Abandon
Give out- Announce
Give in- Yield
Give away- To make a gift of
Look after- to take care of
Look up- search for/ to consider
Look forward-except or hope for
Look for-seek something
Look out- be wanted be careful
Looked down on –watch with dislike

Make shift- to understand
Make up for-to compensate for something
Make over- A transformation in appearance

Turn up- Arrive
Turn down- reject

Take in – deceive
Take down- write down
Take on- to undertake/ allow passengers
Take off- to remove something / to leave  the     ground and begin to fly
Take over-take control of
Taken aback-surprised
Take up- consider
Take it- to endure
Take after- resemble a parent or relative
  


List of Phrasal Verbs
Phrasal Verbs                                                          
Put off- Postpone
Put up- stay/raise
Put on- wear
Put out-extinguish
Put down- write/suppress
Put by-to save an amount
Put forward-to make a suggestion
Put across- to communicate
Put up with-tolerate
Put an end to-stop
Break in – To forcefully enter
Break through-An act of over coming an obstacle

Call at- visit a place
Call on- visit a person
Call up-recollect
Call off-cancel something
Call for-demand
Call out-to summon or order
Call upon- announce

Get through- pass
Get over- recover from/overcome
Get off-escape
Get along- make progress
Get on- keep going
Get away- escape
Get around- overcome
Go on-continue
Go at- attack
Go with- match
Go for- choose/seek/attack
Go off-explode
Go into- investigate
Go through-examine
Go over- to review or analyse

Come at- to attack/ to obtain
Come across- To find or meet by chance
Come off-To happen

Bring out-reveal
Bring down-Reduce
Bring up-carry/convey

Give up-Abandon
Give out- Announce
Give in- Yield
Give away- To make a gift of
Look after- to take care of
Look up- search for/ to consider
Look forward-except or hope for
Look for-seek something
Look out- be wanted be careful
Looked down on –watch with dislike

Make shift- to understand
Make up for-to compensate for something
Make over- A transformation in appearance

Turn up- Arrive
Turn down- reject

Take in – deceive
Take down- write down
Take on- to undertake/ allow passengers
Take off- to remove something / to leave  the     ground and begin to fly
Take over-take control of
Taken aback-surprised
Take up- consider
Take it- to endure
Take after- resemble a parent or relative
  


Examples of Phrasal Verbs

30 common phrasal verbs, with meanings and examples
1. Bring up- Raising and caring for a child
    Example: Mrs. Asha brought up her children to be truthful

2. Call at- visit a place
    Example: The Prime Minister agreed to call at the Taj Mahal during his three days                       visit to North India.

3. Call on- visit a person
     Example: The new chief minister called on the Governor yesterday

4. Call up-recollect

5. Call off-cancel something
     Example: We will call off the trip if the weather is bad

6.Call for-demand
    Example:The occasion call for prompt action 

7.Come across- to find or meet by chance
    Example: Manu came across his friends at the theatre

8.Get through- pass
    Example:I got through the examination, but my sister failed

9.Get over- recover from/overcome

10. Go along with-cooperate

11.Go on-continue
      Example: He was asked to go on till he reached a pocket road

12. Look after- to take care of
      Example:Who will took after your house while you are away?

13. Look up- search for/ to consider
      Example:I looked up the number in the telephone directory

14.Looked down on –watch with dislike
      Example:Do not look down on your poor relatives

15. Look down upon- treat with  contempt

16.Make out- to understand
      Example:I cannot make out what the police said:

17.Make shift-A temporary substitute or device
      Example:A make shift shelter was made for the refugees

18.Put offPostpone
      Example:He has decided to put off his visit to Delhi

19. Put up- stay/raise
      Example:The government is sure to put up taxes soon

20. Put on- wear
      Example:She put on her new jacket

21.Put out-extinguish
      Example:I put out the light

22. Put forward-to make a suggestion
      Example: She put forward some useful tips

23. Put up with-tolerate
      Example: I cannot put up with his behaviour

24.Pull through: To recover from a difficulty or illness
     Example:I am sure she will pull through from this crisis

25. Set out-start a journey
       Example: Mansoor set out on his journey last Saturday

26. Take in – deceive

27.Take after- resemble a parent or relative
      Example: Sonu takes after her mother

28.Take off- to remove something / to leave the ground and begin to fly
      Example:The plane took off after repairs

29.Take down- write down
     Example:The teacher wanted the students to take down the important points

30.Take on- to undertake/ allow passengers
      Example: The bus stopped to take on passengers
30 common phrasal verbs, with meanings and examples
1. Bring up- Raising and caring for a child
    Example: Mrs. Asha brought up her children to be truthful

2. Call at- visit a place
    Example: The Prime Minister agreed to call at the Taj Mahal during his three days                       visit to North India.

3. Call on- visit a person
     Example: The new chief minister called on the Governor yesterday

4. Call up-recollect

5. Call off-cancel something
     Example: We will call off the trip if the weather is bad

6.Call for-demand
    Example:The occasion call for prompt action 

7.Come across- to find or meet by chance
    Example: Manu came across his friends at the theatre

8.Get through- pass
    Example:I got through the examination, but my sister failed

9.Get over- recover from/overcome

10. Go along with-cooperate

11.Go on-continue
      Example: He was asked to go on till he reached a pocket road

12. Look after- to take care of
      Example:Who will took after your house while you are away?

13. Look up- search for/ to consider
      Example:I looked up the number in the telephone directory

14.Looked down on –watch with dislike
      Example:Do not look down on your poor relatives

15. Look down upon- treat with  contempt

16.Make out- to understand
      Example:I cannot make out what the police said:

17.Make shift-A temporary substitute or device
      Example:A make shift shelter was made for the refugees

18.Put offPostpone
      Example:He has decided to put off his visit to Delhi

19. Put up- stay/raise
      Example:The government is sure to put up taxes soon

20. Put on- wear
      Example:She put on her new jacket

21.Put out-extinguish
      Example:I put out the light

22. Put forward-to make a suggestion
      Example: She put forward some useful tips

23. Put up with-tolerate
      Example: I cannot put up with his behaviour

24.Pull through: To recover from a difficulty or illness
     Example:I am sure she will pull through from this crisis

25. Set out-start a journey
       Example: Mansoor set out on his journey last Saturday

26. Take in – deceive

27.Take after- resemble a parent or relative
      Example: Sonu takes after her mother

28.Take off- to remove something / to leave the ground and begin to fly
      Example:The plane took off after repairs

29.Take down- write down
     Example:The teacher wanted the students to take down the important points

30.Take on- to undertake/ allow passengers
      Example: The bus stopped to take on passengers

Example of Antonyms


Example of Antonyms- Easy english lessons
  1. Abide x Vacate
  2. Accept x Reject
  3. Admire x Insult
  4. Antique x Recent
  5. Blame x Praise
  6. Boldness x Timidity
  7. Brutal  x Kindly
  8. Cardinal x Secondary
  9. Veteran x Novice
  10. Confident x Difident
  11. Joyous x Doleful
  12. Promote x Demote
  13. Fair x Foul
  14. Convict x Acquit
  15. Fool x Genius
  16. False x Real
  17. Foul X Clean
  18. Repel x Attract
  19. Gorgeous x Dull
  20. Handle x Mismanage
  21. Idiot x Genius
  22. Illuminate x Cloud
  23. Mortal x Immortal
  24. Inferior x Superior
  25. Lax x Strict
  26. Lucid x Gloomy
  27. Lie x Truth
  28. Meek x Arrogant
  29. Moist x Dry
  30. Monism x Pluralism
  31. Morality x Immorality
  32. Neutral x Partial
  33. Obedient x Disobedient
  34. Occupy x Vacate
  35. Offensive x Defensive
  36. Patient x Impatient
  37. Persuade x Dissuade
  38. Praise x Condemn
  39. Pride x Humility
  40. Prologue x Epilogue
  41. Prudent x Foolish
  42. Refute X Support
  43. Quit x Remain
  44. Rear x Front
  45. Rude x Polite
  46. Rustic x Sophisticated
  47. Shout x Whisper
  48. Smart x Dull
  49. Torrent x Trickle
  50. Vague x Clear


Example of Antonyms- Easy english lessons
  1. Abide x Vacate
  2. Accept x Reject
  3. Admire x Insult
  4. Antique x Recent
  5. Blame x Praise
  6. Boldness x Timidity
  7. Brutal  x Kindly
  8. Cardinal x Secondary
  9. Veteran x Novice
  10. Confident x Difident
  11. Joyous x Doleful
  12. Promote x Demote
  13. Fair x Foul
  14. Convict x Acquit
  15. Fool x Genius
  16. False x Real
  17. Foul X Clean
  18. Repel x Attract
  19. Gorgeous x Dull
  20. Handle x Mismanage
  21. Idiot x Genius
  22. Illuminate x Cloud
  23. Mortal x Immortal
  24. Inferior x Superior
  25. Lax x Strict
  26. Lucid x Gloomy
  27. Lie x Truth
  28. Meek x Arrogant
  29. Moist x Dry
  30. Monism x Pluralism
  31. Morality x Immorality
  32. Neutral x Partial
  33. Obedient x Disobedient
  34. Occupy x Vacate
  35. Offensive x Defensive
  36. Patient x Impatient
  37. Persuade x Dissuade
  38. Praise x Condemn
  39. Pride x Humility
  40. Prologue x Epilogue
  41. Prudent x Foolish
  42. Refute X Support
  43. Quit x Remain
  44. Rear x Front
  45. Rude x Polite
  46. Rustic x Sophisticated
  47. Shout x Whisper
  48. Smart x Dull
  49. Torrent x Trickle
  50. Vague x Clear

75 Examples of Collective Nouns

 Examples of Collective Nouns
Example of Collective nouns
  1. An army of soldiers
  2. A regiment of soldiers
  3. A troop of children
  4. A troop of apes
  5. A swarm of flies
  6. A bunch of keys
  7. A pair of shoes
  8. A pack of cards
  9. A ring of telephones
  10. A ball of wool
  11. A batch of boys
  12. A cloud of bats
  13. A hive of bees
  14. A herd of cattle
  15. A brood of chickens
  16. A cluster of cats
  17. A cluster of stars
  18. A cluster of islands
  19. A colony of ants
  20. A colony of auks
  21. A colony of bats
  22. A colony of badgers
  23. A colony of beavers
  24. A crowd of people
  25. A flock of sheep
  26. A herd of elephants
  27. A school of dolphins
  28. A school of fish
  29. A shulk of foxes
  30. A skin of geese
  31. A mess of fish
  32. A trip of goats
  33. A parliament of owls
  34. A grove of trees
  35. A school of learned men
  36. A congress of representatives
  37. A staff of teachers
  38. A pack of hounds
  39.  A mute of hares
  40. A band of gorillas
  41. A covey of ships
  42. A battery of guns
  43. A kennels of dogs
  44.  A band of musicians
  45.  A series of events
  46.  A syllabus of studies
  47.  A bench of judges
  48.  A heap of waste
  49. A nation of people
  50. A fleet of ships
  51.  An array of hedgehogs
  52. An audience of listeners
  53. An alliance of states
  54. An assembly of representatives
  55. An array of soldiers
  56. An army of ants
  57. A bike of ants
  58. A colony of ants
  59. A swarm of ants
  60. A coffee off asses
  61. A drove of asses
  62. A herd of asses
  63. A pace of asses
  64. A colony of badgers
  65. A colony of beavers
  66. A pride of lions
  67. A herd of cows
  68. A gang of thieves
  69. A garland(bouquet) of flowers
  70. A pack of wolves
  71. A pack of dogs
  72. A troop of Kangaroos
  73. A litter of cubs
  74. A troupe of dancers
  75. A flight of insects
 Examples of Collective Nouns
Example of Collective nouns
  1. An army of soldiers
  2. A regiment of soldiers
  3. A troop of children
  4. A troop of apes
  5. A swarm of flies
  6. A bunch of keys
  7. A pair of shoes
  8. A pack of cards
  9. A ring of telephones
  10. A ball of wool
  11. A batch of boys
  12. A cloud of bats
  13. A hive of bees
  14. A herd of cattle
  15. A brood of chickens
  16. A cluster of cats
  17. A cluster of stars
  18. A cluster of islands
  19. A colony of ants
  20. A colony of auks
  21. A colony of bats
  22. A colony of badgers
  23. A colony of beavers
  24. A crowd of people
  25. A flock of sheep
  26. A herd of elephants
  27. A school of dolphins
  28. A school of fish
  29. A shulk of foxes
  30. A skin of geese
  31. A mess of fish
  32. A trip of goats
  33. A parliament of owls
  34. A grove of trees
  35. A school of learned men
  36. A congress of representatives
  37. A staff of teachers
  38. A pack of hounds
  39.  A mute of hares
  40. A band of gorillas
  41. A covey of ships
  42. A battery of guns
  43. A kennels of dogs
  44.  A band of musicians
  45.  A series of events
  46.  A syllabus of studies
  47.  A bench of judges
  48.  A heap of waste
  49. A nation of people
  50. A fleet of ships
  51.  An array of hedgehogs
  52. An audience of listeners
  53. An alliance of states
  54. An assembly of representatives
  55. An array of soldiers
  56. An army of ants
  57. A bike of ants
  58. A colony of ants
  59. A swarm of ants
  60. A coffee off asses
  61. A drove of asses
  62. A herd of asses
  63. A pace of asses
  64. A colony of badgers
  65. A colony of beavers
  66. A pride of lions
  67. A herd of cows
  68. A gang of thieves
  69. A garland(bouquet) of flowers
  70. A pack of wolves
  71. A pack of dogs
  72. A troop of Kangaroos
  73. A litter of cubs
  74. A troupe of dancers
  75. A flight of insects

10 Examples of Biodiversity Hot spots - Biodiversity Hot spots in India


Hot spots (Meyrs 1988) are the regions of extremely high species richness, exceptionally greater species diversity, much higher degree of endemism(concentration of endemic species), most seriously threatened flora and fauna, and rapid modification, degradation, or loss of habitat. Hot spot are selected as priority areas for the insitu conservation biodiversity. In general, an area is considered as a hot spot.
Criteria :
  1. Number of endemic species
  2. The extent of its habitat loss
  3. The degree of threat to its biodiversity
World top biodiversity rich nations include Australia, Brazil, Cameron, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Panama, Peru, South Africa, Venezuela, Vietnam and Zaire.


 Example of global hot spots and the number of their endemic plant species
Hot spot region
No of endemic plant species
Cape region (South Africa)
6000
Colombia Choko
2500
Central Chile
1450
Eastern Himalaya (India)
3500
Western Ghats (India)
1600
Madagascar
5000
Malayan Penisula
2400
North Borneo
3500
Philippines
4900
Western Ecuador
2500
25 terrestrial hotspots have been identified all the world. Now the number has been raised to 34. They cover nearly 1.4% of the earth’s land area and harbor nearly 60% of the global biodiversity. Nearly 35% of the known species and about 20% the human population are found in the hot spot regions. 
Biodiversity Hot spot in India

There are two hot spot in India namely i) The Western Ghats and ii)the eastern Himalayas. These have rich biodiversity, with numerous endemic species. Other hot spots in the Indian subcontinent are Indo Burma region and  South West Sri Lanka.

Hot spots (Meyrs 1988) are the regions of extremely high species richness, exceptionally greater species diversity, much higher degree of endemism(concentration of endemic species), most seriously threatened flora and fauna, and rapid modification, degradation, or loss of habitat. Hot spot are selected as priority areas for the insitu conservation biodiversity. In general, an area is considered as a hot spot.
Criteria :
  1. Number of endemic species
  2. The extent of its habitat loss
  3. The degree of threat to its biodiversity
World top biodiversity rich nations include Australia, Brazil, Cameron, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Panama, Peru, South Africa, Venezuela, Vietnam and Zaire.


 Example of global hot spots and the number of their endemic plant species
Hot spot region
No of endemic plant species
Cape region (South Africa)
6000
Colombia Choko
2500
Central Chile
1450
Eastern Himalaya (India)
3500
Western Ghats (India)
1600
Madagascar
5000
Malayan Penisula
2400
North Borneo
3500
Philippines
4900
Western Ecuador
2500
25 terrestrial hotspots have been identified all the world. Now the number has been raised to 34. They cover nearly 1.4% of the earth’s land area and harbor nearly 60% of the global biodiversity. Nearly 35% of the known species and about 20% the human population are found in the hot spot regions. 
Biodiversity Hot spot in India

There are two hot spot in India namely i) The Western Ghats and ii)the eastern Himalayas. These have rich biodiversity, with numerous endemic species. Other hot spots in the Indian subcontinent are Indo Burma region and  South West Sri Lanka.

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