Artificial ecosystems are man-made ecosystems that are often carefully maintained in constant controlled conditions.
Artificial ecosystems are designed for a specific purpose. Therefore biodiversity will be very low compared to natural ecosystem
Terrestrial Artificial Ecosystems
1.Green house: A greenhouse (also called a glasshouse) is a structure with walls and roof made mainly of transparent material, such as glass, in which plants requiring regulated climatic conditions are grown.
2.Agriculture crop field (Paddy field, wheat field etc)
6.Terrariums: also called glass garden, wardian case or vivarium, enclosure with
glass sides, and sometimes a glass top, arranged for keeping plants or terrestrial or semi-terrestrial animals indoors.
7.Managed forestry: A sustainable forest is a forest that is carefully managed so that as trees are felled they are replaced with seedlings that eventually grow into mature trees.
Aquatic Artificial Ecosystems
11.Hydroponics: It is the method of growing plants without soil, using mineral nutrient solutions. It links aquatic organisms, microorganisms and plants into an artificial ecosystem.
12.Artificial pond in connection with waste treatment plant
13.Artificial wetlands or Constructed wetland: treatment systems that use rooted wetland plants and shallow, flooded or saturated soil to provide wastewater treatment. Constructed wetlands are designed to take advantage of the chemical and biological processes of natural wetlands to remove contaminants from the wastewater.